• ○ Play the Circular Section (in progress)

    Collective project. Playing the (circular) Section is a project by Maathuis and Whatremimakes, developed under the Open Oproep Bouwen Aan Talent by the Creative Industries Fund (NL). By designing a 'serious game' Maathuis and Whatremimakes hope to gain a better understanding of the motivation and interest of the generic actors that relate to any build project. By playing the game, stakeholders build up a realistic project in an abstract way. Stakeholders have to reach consensus on options (both circular and non circular possibilities) considering the shearing layers of a generic design, thought of by Steward brand; site, structure, skin, services and space plan. After they are done building, they have to dismantle the project, revealing the circularity of decisions made, and the status quo of the current building industry.    
  • ○ Bouwtuin (in progress)

    Collective project. Bouwtuin is a building association in the making; striving towards a circular, healthy and emission free built environment. It combines resources available in the local landscape, cultivated resources and traditional crafts with a modern twist, to illustrate a healthy and sustainable building culture. The association is regional, replicable and cross disciplinary; connecting nature with farmers, craftsmen, designers and users. A pilot project according to the Bouwtuin model will follow soon. For more information visit the bouwtuin website.
  • ○ Bethlehem

    Msc Architecture | Graduation Bethlehem – from exploitation to ecosystem service is a project based on Sint Maarten in the Caribbean. The lower social classes of Sint Maarten experience trouble with their building culture, especially in combination with the reoccurring hurricanes and earthquakes. Vulnerable communities mostly rely on self or communal building, since both expertise and building materials currently need to be imported onto the island, which cannot be afforded by everyone. Research conducted into vernacular architectural principles provided strategies for creating a more sustainable domestic (self-)building culture. Main principles are defined as a building culture that embodies material appropriateness, climate responsiveness and socio-economic advantages. In combination with the interesting plantocracy heritage of Sint Maarten, the project results in the revitalization of an abandoned sugarcane plantation (Bethlehem) into a public park that cultivates natural building materials - mainly bamboos and grasses, similar to sugarcane part of the poaceae family. The plantations ruins are reactivated by assigning new functions to them related to the park. The main architectural focus is a building that provides education to the local communities on how to build with the materials now available from the park. The architecture showcases climate responsiveness, and can be build communally in a low tech way. This holistic project transforms a terrain that once exploited both people and land, into an ecosystem providing socio-economic diversification, building education and -materials to the surrounding neighbourhood. In doing so, the project aims to stimulate a transition towards a more sustainable (self)building culture on a neighbourhood scale.
  • ○ Nygårdsjøen

    Invited for participation. In September 2018, Sami Rintala invited a few young (student-) architects to work on a 10-days project in the community of Gildeskal in Norway. The community is encountering depopulation. Young dwellers of the community decide to live elsewhere, usually one of the bigger cities of Norway. To meet the needs and expectations of potential future inhabitants, we were to present our combined international point of view on the situation, to contribute to a stack of ideas the municipality could sit around and discuss on. The community exists of four villages. In this workshop we’ve made urban and architectural designs for two of them. I contributed to the group making a future design for the small village Nygårdsjøen. The existing communal plan focussed on expanding the industry and residential area in the same location. After short research, the conclusion was that the existing plan was overlooking the potential of developing a residential area where it would occur more naturally, in the historical and geographical sense. We considered this our biggest finding. Team members: Sami Rintala, Giovanni Wegher, Nathalie Mussi Weidlich, Hilary Duf, Dario Jessen, me.  Click here for the invitation letter. Click here for the presentation.
  • ○ Diogenes on wheels (in progress)

    Personal project. Inspired by a man that lived in a barrel in Athens, this project wants to point out the sometimes ridicule solutions proposed for the ecological problem. Consuming, an act inseparable from urban daily life, is inherent to the capital system. Proposing consumption of ‘green-goods’ as a solution seems rather odd. A potential solution should focus on reduction of consumption, but that solution conflicts with our current economic system. Among other things, the size of a dwelling decides it’s ecological impact. Less space is less material, less energy to heat or cool, less energy to light, less energy to build. Less space to store things, enforcing you to critically think about the material goods you need. Less space to be – more place to share. It will be – as soon as finished – available for rent. A contemplating weekend in this structure aims at making you realize that genuine richness is always found in immateriality.
  • ○ Extreme

    MSc Architecture | Studio Extreme | Hyperloop station. Over the last few decades the transportation of humans across the globe has increased. Simultaneously, a global awareness of the effects of human-based activities on the environment has firmly established a position in the Geist of the Zeit. The resulting quest for a development of a mode of transportation consuming considerably less energy than other currently known modes creates the idea of the ‘Hyperloop.’ A tube in a vacuum tube, reaching speeds over one thousand kilometres per hour. The tubes presumably have beginnings and endings, meaning they should ‘start’ and ‘stop’ somewhere. What happens at those starts and stops is the design task of EXTREME: a hyperloop station. In addition to the Amsterdam Bijlmer station, next to the Amsterdam Arena and the Ziggodome, the hyperloop station should be constructed. This intensively used area leaves not much space for anything out of ordinary sizes, resulting in my point of view that this station should be the ‘first transitional hyperloop station in Amsterdam.’ A modest, functional, logical excavation of a part of the square. Click here for the posters.
  • ○ Stage

    MSc Building Technology | Technoledge Design Informatics. Together with a group of thirty students we designed a stage through parametric design, using Rhinoceros and Grasshopper. The geometry was optimized for increased acoustical and structural performance, and all the panels were customized for the ease of assembly. The group was divided in several sub-groups; coordinators, form specialists, structural specialists, acoustical specialists, assembly specialists and materials specialists. I was contributing the last one, learning a lot about the production technique and how to go from form to production of the panels using the fleximold (a mat with adjustable double curvature to cast resin on). We wrote a script in grasshopper to obtain the data needed to set the fleximold. Click here for a GIF explaining the panel production script. Click here for the movie of the construction.
  • ○ Aurora pavilion

    MSc Building Technology | Technoledge structural design. Using glass as a structural material is relatively unexplored in architecture. Hence one of the courses of the track BT at TU Delft is all about it. Glass, in relation to more familiar structural materials as steel, concrete or timber, behaves in a crucially different way. Glass does not yield. It is a brittle material. Fractures and failure are difficult to predict. As an exercise, a hypothetical all-glass-aurora-pavilion is designed. Steel substructures are to be avoided. The shape of this pavilion was directly derived from the auroras appearance. The curved lines are even structurally efficient, since it adds up to the stability of the pavilion. Due to the production process of glass, the elements of the pavilion should be standardized. By using three different radii for the curvature of the panels, the initial desired shape is still realizable. Calculations are made with Diana, to verify the structural feasibility. For the complete process, read this report.
  • ○ Lure

    MSc Architecture | Erasmus | Portfolio design. Studying at NTNU Trondheim, one has the luxury of being able to use the tools available at the Lucas wood workshop. Portfolios often result in 2D (digital) objects. Another way to construct a portfolio is by making an artifact. As I was living in Trondheim and fishing a lot, I was inspired by the ‘lure.’ The artifact could function in a similar way, casting it out to try and catch the fish (or employer). A 3D box was constructed of laser cut birch plywood. The box holds thin wooden cards of fly finer with a print of the project. On the back of the cards a short description of the project is provided, which was engraved with the laser cutter.
  • ○ Lødingen

    MSc Architecture | Erasmus | Design in context part 2. In September 2017, as part of the course Design in Context at the NTNU taught by Sami Rintala and Pasi Aalto, the students travelled to a small village called Lødingen at the beginning of the Lofoten in Norway. The students were linked to an actual client that wanted to develop an area in Lødingen, which was a very good experience for young future architects, since architecture is not only engaged with the physical context but also the mental context (highly influenced by the client). It resulted into a strategical design for the area, touching upon urbanity and architecture. Personally I was involved in designing a path along a peninsula, relying on the physical context to define a shape, by defining the radii and positions of circles. This way a curved path can be created in a segmented way. Segmenting is desirable for repetition / costs in the building process. Interventions are introduced along the way. Click here for the presentation (compressed)
  • ○ Gråvikens sauna

    Invited by Rallar Arkitekter. In October 2017 rallararkitekter invited a few students to help built a sauna in a very remote location in Sweden; Gråviken. I was happy to be invited. The sauna was built near an old farm, with nobody in reach in a radius of 15 kilometer, a true feral building experience. The place only reachable by boat in October which introduced several logistic challenges. The sauna's building elements were mostly pre-cut already before transportation. Still a lot of amendments were made on site. The sauna faces a beautiful mountain peak with it's largest triple glazed window. It consists out of two compartments; the changing room and the heated room and is built out of local pine wood. Corrugated plates from the old farm were used as cladding. For a video of the assembly made by Luc Rousseau click this link.
  • ○ Firewood pavilion

    MSc Architecture | Erasmus | Design in context part 1. In autumn 2017 I decided to study abroad for half a year in Trondheim, Norway. Partly because I adore wooden architecture and because wood is my favorite building material, and partly because exploring beyond borders gives you more than just educated knowledge. Design in context is the studio I got into, which divides itself into two design exercises. One of them was creating a pavilion in Harpefoss. The plan was that there was no plan, only building materials and enthusiasm. The context decided what was to be designed there. Together with Rintala-Eggertsson, we designed on the spot by trial & error. We sketched in real 3D, just by holding beams here or there and replacing materials and objects. In two weeks we've built the pavilion.
  • ○ Isolips

    MSc Building Technology | Bucky lab. The Msc1 of building technology at the TU Delft starts with the design course Buckylab, named after R. Buckminster Fuller. One of Bucky's quotes was: 'If you can imagine it, you can build it.' And that is what this course is all about. Thinking out of the box. We had to develop an office solution, researching the 'personal comfort zone.' We came up with a workplace that reduces sound, both in the Isolips and around it, since the Isolips has a positive effect on the reverberation time of an office room. The coolest part of this course is that we actually got to build it 1:1 in two building weeks. We knocked ourselves out with the superb festool tools and the guidance of the teachers and created what was only existent in our imagination before. Click here for the report
  • ○ 5000 kilometers

    Personal project. I've always been interested in technical systems. One technical system allows for transporting yourself with speeds higher than reachable on a bicycle while still being able to enjoy your surroundings without being in a cage that defines your space. I'm talking about a motorized vehicle on two wheels; specifically a two stroke air cooled 50 cc moped. I've redesigned the vehicle twice. Not only I worked on the aesthetics of the bike, but also the engine. We've been travelling a total of more than 5000 km together, the bike predominantly teaching me the value of having patience and persistence. No matter where the vehicle decides to stop (it has it's own life you know) it will always turn out right one way or the other. Lately I haven't used my friend much though. The environmental issue is rising on my personal agenda.
  • ○ Bring Nida the full circle

    EASA Lithuania | Not yet decided. The European Architecture Students Assembly meets every summer to get their heads together and create some cool small projects while enjoying the environment. 'Bring Nida the full circle' part of EASA Lithuania, was a project in which we worked on integrating circularity within the realm of architecture. We focused on introducing circularity within 1:) the organization of the workshop itself; EASA, 2:) The local town of Nida and 3:) The region; Neringa. The result was a brochure in which we documented our findings, and we introduced a board game to the local government to simplify future discussions on urban development.
  • ○ Kunsthal

    BSC Architecture | Final project. The final design exercise of the BSc architecture at TU Delft is designing an art hall. As an architect I prefer to use the statement 'form follows function.' Since the function of the building is to expose art, I think that before designing we should look at the function of art, which hasn’t got an easy answer. I’ve developed my own answer to it: Art is there to teach us a way of self governance, to provoke us to raise questions on the presumable everyday life and to develop criticism. Therefore, in my opinion, the more people influenced by art, the better it is for a well-functioning democracy. Bearing this in mind I developed three keywords that I used as a theme while designing. The architecture of the building should be connective, inviting and comprehensible. Click here for the poster.
  • ○ Konkret

    EASA Malta | Links. The European Architecture Students Assembly meets every summer to get their heads together and create some cool small projects while enjoying the environment. 'Konkret!' part of EASA Malta, was a project in which we worked on understanding concrete by casting it into different shapes. And, since we were located in one of the old tunnels of Valetta's ancient walls, we combined it with light to brighten up the place!
  • ○ Todo bentek

    BSc Architecture | Internship. In 2014 I did an internship for a small architecture studio located in Sayan, next to Ubud on Bali, Indonesia. Joost van Grieken of Studio JVG and me worked on a conceptual plan for a resort on Lombok. The urban design focuses on preserving characteristic natural elements as Mango and Cashew trees. We were designing with the landscape rather than against. Besides this internship being my first professional experience with working as an architect, it was also very educative to travel to a place far from home. It gave me a good perspective on how life, living and architecture can be in another physical and cultural context. Click here for my internship report.
  • ○ Wooden things with wheels

    Personal project. I love working with my hands and my favorite building material is wood. One of my hobbies is skateboarding, so I decided to try and make some skateboards. I used a combination of oak with walnut. Some interesting shapes I made in a press with multiple layers of thin sheets of wood, where I also sometimes mixed in some bamboo and teak. I predominantly used wood from the carpentry company I was working for which was to small to make furniture from and would else ways be thrown away.